Knowledge of motorcycle driving safety.

【Seven Us】
Driving without a license. The drivers of motorcycles shall obtain and carry a driver's license that fits the type of driving permitted, shall not drive vehicles without a license, abide by road safety laws and regulations, and drive in a safe and civil manner in accordance with operating rules.
2. No passenger overload. Passenger overloading will exacerbate motorcycle instability. In addition to the driver, two-wheelers can carry one more person, but cannot carry children under 12 years of age. Mopeds must not carry people.
3. Do not violate the rules of freight transport. Excessive loads will bring greater safety risks. The law stipulates that the height of the motorcycle cargo from the ground must not exceed 1.5 meters, the length must not exceed 0.2 meters from the body, and the width must not exceed 0.15 meters from the left handlebar and right of the two-wheeled motorcycle. .
4. Driving without fatigue. Driving in one position for a long time is very easy to cause fatigue. It is recommended not to drive for a long time, stop and rest in between, and keep warm.
Fifth, do not change lanes at will. Do not change lanes in and out of traffic, drive in the right lane and keep to the right on single lane roads.
6. Don't speed up. Riding a motorcycle must not exceed the speed indicated by speed limit signs and markings. On roads without speed limit signs, markings and lane axes, the speed limit for urban roads is 30 km/h and the speed limit for motorways is 40 km/h.
Seven does not go hand in hand with large vehicles. There are certain visual blind spots around large vehicles. Once a sudden lane change or emergency braking, it is very easy to cause traffic accidents, and large vehicles should be avoided as much as possible. Also, when a large vehicle passes quickly, the airflow that forms will have a suction effect on nearby objects. For example, if a motorcycle is too close, it is easy for it to fall into the bottom of the large vehicle.
【Three essentials】
First, check the vehicle. Before traveling, carefully check whether the vehicle control device, braking device and lighting signal device are effective; whether there are oil, circuit and interface leaks; check if the front and rear tires are damaged and if the air pressure is adequate; check the horn, speedometer and headlights, whether the turn signals and brake lights are working normally; check whether on-board tools and warning signs are complete, and carry vulnerable accessories such as spark plugs, cold patch glue, fuses, and light bulbs.
Second, plan the route. Before traveling, it is necessary to know the traffic and weather information of the passing route in advance, reasonably plan the driving route, and try to avoid road construction and traffic jams.
Third, wear helmets and protective gear. Drivers and passengers must wear helmets and other protective gear as needed. Helmets and gloves can cushion the impact to the head and hands of the driver and passengers in an accident, and also provide protection from the cold and wind in cold weather. In addition, you can also choose other protective gear, such as hand guards, leg guards, and back guards. Drivers and passengers had better wear bright-colored clothing or reflective clothing, and do not wear their outer jackets inside out to protect themselves from wind and cold, so as not to affect normal operation and cause accidents.
【Three Notes】
First of all, pay attention to special road sections. When crossing the bridge, pay attention to the influence of the crosswind, control the speed of the vehicle, hold the handlebars tightly, and keep a large lateral distance from the surrounding vehicles. When going through the tunnel, turn on your headlights ahead of time and slow down. When passing through the urban-rural intersection, pay attention to pedestrians, non-motorized vehicles, agricultural vehicles, large trucks and street stalls, etc., honk less and control vehicle speed; When pedestrians or non-motor vehicles suddenly cross the road, please slow down or stop to avoid it in time. When going through an intersection, do not take a yellow light or go through a red light. At intersections without traffic lights, you must drive carefully and allow vehicles and pedestrians to go straight. When turning right at the intersection, let oncoming left-turning vehicles go first. When driving down a mountain road with many twists and turns, slow down, turn slowly, avoid pulling into the oncoming lane, and honk your horn early. When going downhill, you should use the low-speed auxiliary brake, the rear brake is the main, the front brake is the auxiliary, control the speed at any time, and do not slide in neutral.
Second, pay attention to bad weather. In rainy, snowy, foggy, strong windy or icy road, you should slow down, keep a safe driving distance, drive carefully, and turn on the headlights and taillights when it rains, snows and sands.
Third, pay attention to the proper handling of traffic accidents. In the event of a traffic accident with no casualties and minor property damage, the scene should be photographed and the vehicle moved to a safe location that is not obstructing traffic as soon as possible. Protect the scene well, set up warning signs 50 to 100 meters away from the parking spot in the direction of oncoming vehicles, call the police and rescue calls as soon as possible, and wait for rescue in an area safe.

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